Alcoholism is a disease known to have severe effects on the brain and body. Fortunately, there are some drugs, which can help curb this drinking habit. They should be used strictly under the supervision of a doctor. Failure to follow the set guidelines, they can cause serious implications, which can be fatal for the users. The following are some drugs, which are known to help curb alcoholism, their side effects, and potential threats.
Drugs That Curb Alcoholism
In medical terms, it is known as topirimate. This is an anticonvulsant. This means that it is a mood-stabilizing drug, which can reduce your alcohol cravings. It works by reducing one’s brains levels of a neurotransmitter known as dopamine. In this way, it resets one’s brain chemistry. It creates the pleasurable sensation that is similar to what alcoholics get from drinks. Moreover, it is known to have certain side effects, which cause tingling sensations and numbness in the feet and hands, difficulty concentrating, mood swings, confusion, and drowsiness.
This is a muscle relaxant that reduces alcohol cravings in users. It is known to increase neurotransmitter GABA in the brain. This medicine has relaxing effects, which are available through prescription. This drug should never be used without the advice of a doctor. Its side effects include weakness, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, and much more.
This is an opioid that helps reduce one’s desire for alcoholism. It also lessens one’s alcohol positive effects. It is known to block part of the brain, which is associated with pleasure derived from alcohol. When it blocks them, the areas get blocked, and alcoholics become inclined to drinking alcohol. At last, they will give up on this habit.
You should only use Naltrexone with doctor’s guidelines lest it leads to side effects and complications. You can experience dizziness, headache, insomnia, constipation, and nausea. Recent studies show that this drug improves the outcomes of alcoholics who are in programs such as family therapy, group therapy, and addiction counseling.
In medical terms, it is known as Disulfiram. It is used to reduce alcohol cravings and risk of relapse. It does produce unpleasant effects even when used in little amounts. Some of the side effects, which you can experience include a headache, nausea, vomiting, and flushing within two hours of using it. This toxin is then excreted from your body within two weeks.
Just like other alcoholism drugs, it should only be used under the guidance of a doctor.